travel Romanian children outside Romania

Traveling with Minor Children: Exit Requirements in Romania

Traveling with Minor Children: Exit Requirements in Romania

If you’re planning on traveling with minor children outside of Romania, it’s essential to familiarize yourself with the legal requirements.

Romanian authorities enforce stringent rules to ensure the safety and welfare of their youngest citizens while traveling.

Understanding these regulations will allow for a smooth and hassle-free travel experience while adhering to all necessary immigration regulations and border control protocols.

In order to facilitate international travel with Romanian minors, parents or legal guardians should be aware of the necessary travel documents required both for exit and entry purposes.

Not only do these measures ensure the child’s safety, but they also conform to international regulations governing the travel of children.

Key Takeaways

  • Romanian authorities enforce strict regulations for traveling with minor children.
  • Understanding Romanian law is crucial for smooth navigation of immigration and border controls.
  • An awareness of required travel documents is necessary for international travel with Romanian minors.
  • Adherence to safety measures ensures a hassle-free travel experience.
  • Preparation and proper documentation can prevent potential travel disruptions.

Understanding Romania’s Legal Framework for Minor Travel

Traveling with a minor is no small feat, especially when you’re up against legal nuances and formal requirements.

A crucial piece of the jigsaw is understanding Romanian laws that regulate minors traveling abroad. Let’s explore Law No. 248/2005 and the significance of parental consent in minor travel.

Overview of Law no 248/2005

At the core of legal requirements for traveling with Romanian minors lies Law No. 248/2005.

This law mandates that Romanian minors under the age of 18 must possess individual travel documents.

Additionally, it calls for clear parental consent for international travel.

Depending on the traveling dynamics, a declaration from the non-accompanying parent(s) or proof of sole custody may also be necessary.

If a minor is traveling with an adult who isn’t their parent, a notarized letter from both parents is obligatory, highlighting the companion’s details along with the plan of the journey.

The Role of Parental Consent in Minor Travel

Parental consent is an integral part of Romanian minor travel regulations.

The consent must be all-encompassing, specifying the destination, duration, and purpose of the trip.

It should also include the details of the custodian abroad if the minor isn’t returning to Romania with the person they left with.

It’s not about ticking off a checklist, but about ensuring the welfare and safety of the minor throughout their journey.

These rules are not to tie you down, but to provide a travel authorization with the best interest of the child in mind.

The Essential Travel Documents for Romanian Minors

Traveling abroad with Romanian children involves understanding Romania’s stringent travel laws.

While this may be tiresome, it is essential to note that it serves as a protection measure for the children.

Let’s delve in and unpack the primary documents needed for a smooth, stress-free journey.

Passports and ID Cards for International Travel

One of the significant travel documents required by Romanian minors for international journeys is a valid passport or ID card.

From a legal standpoint, these two pieces of documentation are indispensable as they authenticate the identity of the minor at checks.

For Romanian children traveling abroad, issuing a passport becomes a crucial starting point, ensuring the minor’s identification isn’t compromised at any international checkpoint.

Notarized Consent Letters: When and Why?

A common scenario during travel involves minors accompanied by a single parent or an adult who isn’t their legal guardian.

In these situations, a notarized consent letter from legally authorized individuals proves pivotal in satisfying the travel framework.

This consent letter serves as an endorsement for the minor’s travel specifics, bearing the duration and purpose of the trip, as well as the assigned adult companion’s details.

At the heart of these travel document requirements lie both the welfare and safety of the children.

Thus, anyone planning a trip with a Romanian minor must familiarize themselves with these provisions, to make their experience hassle-free and compliant with all Romanian travel regulations.

Scenarios for Travelling with a Romanian Minor Child Outside of Romania

When traveling with a Romanian minor without a parent, multiple circumstances must be considered.

These different scenarios require distinct documentation reflecting the traveling conditions per Romanian laws.

Each situation that involves traveling abroad with Romanian minors can drastically differ, and as a result, is guided by respective requirements:

  1. Traveling with both parents
  2. Traveling with one parent
  3. Traveling with an adult, who is not a parent.

Consider the following scenarios:

Scenario Required Documentation
Accompanied by both parents No additional documents are needed in Romania
Accompanied by one parent A notarized consent letter for traveling with Romanian minor children from the non-traveling parent.
Accompanied by an adult who is not a parent A notarized consent letter from both parents or the legal guardian.

Knowing the entry and exit requirements for Romanian minors is imperative.

It ensures the minor’s safety, compliance with the legal system, and most importantly, a smooth and hassle-free journey.

Preparation is key in these situations, and understanding these requirements becomes a guardian’s responsibility when traveling with Romanian minor children.

Procedures for Obtaining Consent and Notarization

Traveling with a Romanian minor abroad entails a certain process to ensure legal compliance.

A critical component of these procedures, as stated in Romanian travel regulations, involves obtaining proper consent and notarization.

This aims at protecting the minor’s well-being and rights during their international travel.

Visiting a Civil-Law Notary Office

One of the initial steps of the journey commences at a civil-law notary office.

When you visit this office, you must have detailed information prepared about your planned trip with a Romanian minor.

A declaration of consent prepared before the notary must comprehensively encompass the minor’s full name, date of birth, passport number, travel dates, purpose, destination(s), and your relationship to the minor.

In addition, the document should provide comprehensive particulars of the adult traveling with the minor.

The Apostille and Legalization Process

Post-notarization of the consent, the procedure may demand further legalization.

This primarily depends on the regulations of the destination country.

Several countries recognize the Hague Apostille, which validates the notarized consent declaration for international use without further legalization.

Conversely, some nations seek full legalization by their embassy after the Apostille.

Thus, it becomes crucial to inquire and comprehend the specific requirements of your destination country to streamline your travel preparations for a Romanian minor.

Consider these procedures as a necessary step ensuring a smoother journey, and factoring in these legal regulations for traveling with Romanian minors can contribute to a hassle-free experience.

International Transit: Ensuring Compliance Beyond Romania

Navigating the international travel landscape with Romanian minors.

While Romania has outlined certain requirements for minors leaving its borders, it’s important to remember that transit and destination countries may hold their own set of rules.

This often includes airline-specific documentation or transit forms specifically for minors.

Your diligence towards these nuances could be the deciding factor between a smooth journey and unexpected hurdles at various checkpoints.

Knowing the processes involved can also save you from unwanted surprises and last-minute panic.

Here are two essential considerations regarding international transit with Romanian minors:

  1. Transit Countries Regulations: Any country that your journey involves could potentially require additional paperwork or have specific entry/exit rules for minors. Whether it’s a country you’re briefly stopping over at or your final destination, it’s vital to get informed about these rules well in advance.
  2. Airline Policies: Similarly, different airlines may have distinct policies when it comes to traveling with minors. Some may need additional proof or consent forms, while others might have age restrictions or require a designated escort. Be sure to contact your airlines and get a thorough understanding of their guidelines.

Adhering to the travel requirements for Romanian minors beyond Romanian borders may seem daunting, but adequate preparation can ease the process significantly.

Being well-informed about the documentation for travelling with Romanian minors can lead to a stress-free travel experience.

Always remember, a smart traveler is one who is well-prepared, well-informed and compliant with international travel norms.

Special Considerations for Solo and One-Parent Travel

parental consent for travel in Romania

When traveling abroad with Romanian minors, whether the child is alone or accompanied by just one parent or a guardian, there are additional considerations to make to ensure a smooth journey.

Worth noting is the importance of securing parental consent for international travel with Romanian minors, especially if they are traveling alone or with someone who isn’t their legal guardian.

Departing Alone or with One Parent

When a Romanian minor is traveling alone or with only one parent, a notarized declaration of consent from the other parent is often required.

The declaration affirms that the absent party has given their permission for the minor to travel.

It’s essential to understand the specific requirements for this declaration, as a lack of compliance could lead to complications at immigration checkpoints.

Accompanying Adults Who Are Not Legal Guardians

It’s not uncommon for a minor to travel with an adult who isn’t their parent. In this scenario, even stricter protocols exist.

The accompanying adult must have a notarized declaration of consent from both parents or the minor’s legal guardian.

This document validates the caregiver’s authority to accompany the child during travel.

Remember, requirements may vary in distinct countries and airlines.

Thus, it’s advisable to thoroughly understand the required forms and requirements necessary for such travel situations.

Consult with Romanian legal experts to ensure successful compliance with these stipulations when traveling with minors from Romania.

Air Travel Specifics: Airline Policies and Practices

When it comes to international travel, being informed about each airline’s specific regulations and practices regarding minor passengers is essential.

Knowing your chosen airline’s policies in advance can avoid last-minute hiccups and ensure a smooth transition from ground to air.

Checking with Airlines Before Departure

Each airline may have unique requirements and specific forms needed for minor passengers, especially when not accompanied by both parents.

Apart from the generically required travel documentation for Romanian children, these requirements could involve informing the airline of the minor’s travel or filling out specialized consent forms.

Making such proactivity a part of your travel tips for Romanian parents with minor children can significantly ease the journey forward.

Dealing with Last-minute Policy Changes

It’s important to stay updated about any policy revisions in your chosen airline.

These changes can be unexpected and last-minute, but they can cause significant disruptions to travel plans if not swiftly addressed.

Having a channel for timely updates on airline policies is hence crucial.

Airline Minors’ Policy Forms Required
Tarom Passengers under 12 traveling alone need to use the Unaccompanied Minors service UM handling advice form, Indemnity form
Blue Air Unaccompanied Minors service available for children aged 5–14 Parental consent form, ID documentation
Wizz Air Minors under 14 need to be accompanied by a passenger aged 16 or above Standard travel documentation
Ryanair Travelers under 16 need to be accompanied by an adult Current passport/ID card

By ensuring your child’s travel documentation fully adheres to airline policies, parents minimize the risk of travel disruptions and consequently make the journey more relaxed for all involved.

Entry and Exit Requirements for Romanian Minors

International travel with Romanian children involves more than just planning your itinerary. In compliance with the rigorous legal structure of Romania and foreign nations, it’s essential to understand the passport, visa, and entry-exit requirements for Romanian minors.

This will help ensure a smooth, hassle-free travel experience.

Let’s delve into the specifics.

Passport Validity and Schengen Area Transit

Irrespective of their age, Romanian children are required to have individual travel documents.

Their passports must have a validity that extends beyond their travel dates.

This is especially crucial if you’re journeying through or to countries in the Schengen Area.

The Schengen regulations require passports to be valid for at least three months beyond the planned departure date from the Schengen area.

Remember, each country might have additional demands regarding passport validity.

Passport Requirement For Schengen Countries
Passport Validity 3 months beyond the planned departure
Blank Passport Pages At least one page for entry stamp
Tourist Visa Required Not required for stays under 90 days

U.S. Citizens and Dual Nationals: Special Rules

In the case of U.S. citizens or dual nationals traveling with Romanian children, specific guidelines need to be addressed.

As per Romanian and U.S regulations for international travel, consent from both parents or guardians is essential for Romanian minors. In situations where one or both parents are U.S. citizens, US law may also apply, especially if the child holds dual nationality.

Therefore, ensuring comprehension of the specific entry and exit rules for such cases can facilitate a smoother journey.

Lastly, ensure that all of these requirements are met ahead of time to allow for any unexpected situations.

Bear in mind, vigilance and preparedness are key to ensuring unhindered international travel with Romanian minors. Safe travels!

Overstays and Legal Consequences in Romania

Understanding the implications of overstaying and the penalties that come with it is crucial when planning travel.

It’s imperative to be aware that overstaying can result in severe legal consequences, such as fines, exit permits and re-entry bans, and it can impact your travel experiences to Romania in the future.

This section provides some essential tips for parents of Romanian minors abroad, highlighting the immigration regulations related to overstaying.

Here is an overview to help you navigate potential situations and learn how to respond accordingly.

Exit Permits and Fines for Overstaying

The first step in understanding the implications of overstaying involves recognizing that exiting the country after your visa has expired is not as simple as just booking a flight and leaving.

Overstays are met with potential penalties such as fines that must be settled before you can exit Romania.

While planning your stay and even during your time in the country, it’s wise to stay vigilant and keep track of the duration of your visa.

Once you’ve overstayed, an exit permit from the Romanian Immigration Office will be demanded. This permit can be a proof of penalty paid as well as a formality to maintain record-keeping.

Re-entry Bans and Appeals

Violating the terms of your visa might result not only in fines but also in re-entry bans.

The latter is even more daunting, as it can limit your travels to Romania for a certain period of time.

The imposing of re-entry bans is a legally-mandated consequence, meant to serve as a deterrent for future visa violations.

However, waivers can be appealed in particular circumstances by providing reliable reasons for the inability to comply with stay duration requirements, such as unforeseen medical emergencies or delayed documentation.

Legal Consequence Description Actionable Advice
Overstay Fines Fines imposed for staying beyond the visa or permit duration. Pay the fines promptly to avoid additional penalties.
Exit Permit Required document from the Romanian Immigration Office after an overstay violation. Obtain this as soon as possible after settling all fines.
Re-entry Ban Penalty restricting your re-entry into Romania for a specified period. An appeal can be filed proving valid extenuating circumstances, like medical emergencies.

Stay aware, stay informed, and most importantly, respect the immigration regulations of the country you are visiting.

Traveling should be an exciting and enjoyable experience, not marred by avoidable legal hassles. Understand the laws, follow them carefully, and ensure a smooth, unforgettable journey.

Your travel stories should be full of adventures and discoveries, not overstays or legal troubles.

Ensuring Smooth International Travel with Romanian Minors

Traveling with minor children requires meticulous planning, especially when it comes to adhering to strict legal requirements.

This is particularly pertinent when it comes to Romanian parents traveling with their minor children.

On top of packing essentials and planning out the travel itinerary, understanding specific travel protocols for Romanian minors is equally crucial.

The Romanian law stipulates specific requirements for minors leaving the country, including having the necessary travel documentation and obtaining proper parental consent.

Failures to adhere to these regulations not only risk inconveniences at the border control but can also result in legal consequences.

Hence, you must understand these requirements in detail and take necessary action before departure.

Here are a few travel tips for Romanian parents with minor children that can guide you:

  • Secure Travel Documents: Ensure children have valid passports or ID cards for international travel.
  • Obtain Parental Consent: If the child is traveling with one parent or an adult who is not the legal guardian, a notarized consent letter from the non-accompanying parent(s) or legal guardian(s) is necessary.
  • Consult Romanian Lawyers: For more complex situations or if you have any doubts, consult professional Romanian lawyers or a trusted Romanian law office for guidance. They can help ensure you’re adhering strictly to Romanian travel regulations for minors.

In conclusion, every detail matters when preparing for international travel with Romanian minor children.

By following these essential travel tips, you’ll be setting the stage for a smooth, stress-free journey.

Consultation with Romanian Law Offices

In consultation with a Romanian lawyer, you’ll review all necessary procedures, ensuring you’re not only aware of them but also understand how to execute them effectively.

Discrepancies or misunderstandings of the legal framework for minor travel can lead to unpleasant circumstances like interjected journeys or legal implications.

But with a competent Romanian law office guiding you, these potential roadblocks can be effectively mitigated, if not altogether avoided.

Travel With Romanian Minors – FAQ

1. What are the entry and exit requirements for minors traveling from Romania?

When traveling from Romania, Romanian minors are required to possess a valid travel document, typically a passport.

Additionally, they may need to adhere to specific regulations set forth by the Romanian border police as well as the authorities of the destination country.

It’s important to research the entry and exit requirements for Romanian citizens traveling abroad to ensure a smooth journey.

2. Can a minor child leave Romania without being accompanied by a parent or legal representative?

In general, unaccompanied minors may face restrictions when attempting to leave Romania and may be required to obtain special permissions, such as a notarized declaration from the other parent or legal guardian.

It’s essential to be aware of the specific regulations pertaining to children traveling alone from Romania and ensure compliance with all necessary requirements.

3. What is the process for one parent to travel abroad with a Romanian minor?

When one of the parents intends to travel abroad with a Romanian minor, they may need to provide consent of the other parent or legal guardian.

This consent could involve notarization or other formal procedures, and it’s essential to understand and fulfill all relevant requirements before departure.

4. What are the regulations for minors traveling within the Schengen Area?

Minors traveling within the Schengen Area may need to comply with specific regulations, which can include providing consent of parents, a notarized document, or other forms of approval.

Additionally, there may be restrictions on unaccompanied minors entering or leaving the Schengen Area, so it’s crucial to be well-informed about the applicable laws.

Parental rights in Romania

Exercise of Parental Rights and Obligations in Romania: Ensuring the Rights of the Child

Exercise of Parental Rights and Obligations in Romania: Ensuring the Rights of the Child

Welcome to our guide on parental rights and obligations in Romania.

In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive overview of the legal rights and responsibilities of parents in Romania, including information on Romanian parental rights, child custody laws, and parental rights termination.

It is essential to understand these laws to ensure the well-being and protection of your child.

Romanian parental responsibility, referred to as parental authority, encompasses all the rights and duties concerning the child and their assets.

Both parents share equal rights and duties and are responsible for the child’s well-being until they reach full legal capacity.

These rights and duties include establishing and preserving the child’s identity, raising the child, providing supervision and support, taking disciplinary measures when necessary, and ensuring the child has personal links with both parents.

Additionally, parents have rights and duties regarding the child’s assets, including managing their assets and representing them in legal civil acts.

Parental authority can be exercised jointly or by one parent depending on certain circumstances, such as divorce or the death/interdiction of one parent.

In cases where parents are unable or unwilling to exercise parental responsibility, a guardian can be appointed to fulfill this role.

Understanding and exercising parental rights and obligations is crucial for ensuring the best interests and well-being of your child. We’ll explore these topics further in the following sections where we delve into child custody laws, visitation rights, and child support obligations in Romania.

Parental Responsibility and Child Custody in Romania

In Romania, both parents have parental responsibility and the right to custody of their child, regardless of whether they are married, divorced, or have children born out of wedlock.

The custody arrangements are determined by the court, taking into consideration the best interests of the child.

In some cases, sole custody may be granted to one parent, while in others, joint custody is awarded.

Sole custody means that one parent has the primary responsibility for the child’s upbringing and decision-making.

The other parent, however, retains the right to maintain personal links with the child.

On the other hand, joint custody means that both parents share the rights and responsibilities of raising the child, including making important decisions regarding their upbringing, education, and general welfare.

If the child’s safety or well-being is at risk, the court may terminate the parental rights of one or both parents.

This is done to ensure the child’s best interests are protected.

Visitation rights are often granted to the non-custodial parent, allowing them to have designated time with the child.

This provides the opportunity for both parents to maintain a meaningful relationship with the child, even if they do not have primary custody.

In summary, custody rights in Romania are based on the best interests of the child, aiming to ensure their well-being and development.

The court plays a crucial role in determining custody arrangements, considering various factors while prioritizing the child’s needs.

Both parents have the opportunity to maintain a relationship with their child, whether through sole custody, joint custody, or visitation rights.

Child Support Laws and Responsibilities in Romania

When it comes to ensuring the well-being of a child, both parents in Romania have a legal obligation to provide financial support.

Child support laws in Romania outline the responsibilities of parents in contributing to their child’s upbringing and care.

The amount of child support to be paid is determined based on the needs of the child and the financial capabilities of each parent. This ensures that the child’s best interests are taken into consideration while maintaining fairness between the parents.

The court will carefully assess various factors, such as the child’s living expenses, education costs, and medical requirements, to determine the appropriate amount of support.

It’s important to note that parents are jointly and severally responsible for providing child support.

This means that if one parent fails to fulfill their financial obligation, the other parent has the right to seek legal recourse to ensure their child’s needs are met.

The court plays a crucial role in enforcing these obligations, ensuring that both parents fulfill their duty to support their child.

Child support payments typically continue until the child reaches the age of 26. However, there are situations where support may end earlier.

For instance, if the child completes their studies or becomes financially independent, the court may terminate the child support obligation.

Modifications to child support orders can be made if there are significant changes in either parent’s financial circumstances.

For example, if one parent experiences a significant increase in income, the court may reassess the child support amount to ensure fair and appropriate contributions.

Visitation Rights and Co-Parenting in Romania

In Romania, visitation rights play a crucial role in allowing non-custodial parents to maintain regular contact with their child.

These rights are determined by the court, taking into consideration the best interests of the child and the availability of both parents.

Visitation rights encompass various aspects, offering opportunities for the non-custodial parent to connect with their child on a regular basis.

This may include visiting the child at their home, spending quality time together during holidays, and actively participating in their school activities.

When joint custody is granted, it is essential for both parents to work together and make joint decisions regarding the upbringing of the child.

This cooperative approach ensures that the child’s best interests are prioritized and that decisions are made collectively.

Co-parenting is a vital element in the visitation rights and custody arrangements in Romania.

It entails sharing parenting responsibilities, maintaining open communication, and fostering a supportive and stable environment for the child.

Benefits of Co-Parenting in Romania

Co-parenting offers numerous advantages for both the child and the parents involved:

  • Promotes stability: Co-parenting provides a sense of stability for the child, as they have consistent involvement and support from both parents.
  • Enhances emotional well-being: The child benefits from the emotional presence and guidance of both parents, reducing the potential negative impact of their separation or divorce.
  • Encourages balanced upbringing: Co-parenting allows both parents to actively participate in decision-making regarding the child’s education, healthcare, and overall well-being, ensuring a well-rounded upbringing.
  • Fosters a healthy parent-child relationship: Regular contact and shared responsibilities create stronger bonds between the child and both parents, promoting a healthy parent-child relationship.
  • Reduces conflict: Co-parenting emphasizes effective communication and cooperation between parents, minimizing conflicts and creating a harmonious environment for the child.

By prioritizing the child’s best interests and engaging in co-parenting practices, parents in Romania can provide a nurturing and supportive environment that contributes to the child’s overall well-being and development.

Key Aspects of Visitation Rights in Romania Benefits for the Child Benefits for the Parents
Regular contact with the child – Maintains a strong parent-child bond
– Provides emotional support
– Allows active involvement in the child’s life
– Promotes a sense of fulfillment and responsibility
Flexibility in visitation arrangements – Encourages a sense of stability and routine
– Reduces stress and anxiety
– Facilitates parental planning and coordination
– Supports work-life balance
Involvement in special occasions – Ensures inclusion and celebration with both parents
– Creates lasting memories
– Fosters a connection with the child during important milestones
– Allows shared experiences as a family
Participation in school and extracurricular activities – Enhances educational support and engagement
– Demonstrates commitment to the child’s interests
– Provides opportunities for shared involvement
– Promotes shared responsibility for the child’s development

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) – Exercise of Parental Rights in Romania

1. What are the rights of a parent under Romanian law?

The rights of a parent in Romania are governed by the Romanian Civil Code.

They include the exercise of parental authority, the promotion of the rights and interests of the child, as well as the development and protection of the child.

2. What is the best interest of the child?

The best interest of the child is a fundamental principle in Romanian law that guides decisions related to the promotion of the rights and protection of the minor child.

It takes into consideration the unique needs and circumstances of each child.

3. What are the rights and duties of parents in Romania?

Romanian law outlines the rights and duties of parents, including the right to consent on matters concerning the child’s residence in Romania, professional training, and other important aspects related to the development of the child.

4. Can a child born out of wedlock have parental rights in Romania?

Yes, a child born out of wedlock in Romania has the right to maintain a personal relationship with each parent and to receive support and care from them, as stipulated by Romanian legal provisions.

5. What happens when a parent reaches the age of 14?

When a parent reaches the age of 14, the exercise of parental authority may come into question, and special laws or provisions under the Romanian legal system may be applied to ensure the rights of children are protected.


Understanding parental rights and obligations under Romanian law is essential for all parents in Romania.

The Romanian Civil Code and the Law on the Protection and Promotion of Children’s Rights govern the legal rights and responsibilities of parents, placing a strong emphasis on the best interests of the child and their overall well-being.

Parents in Romania have the right to exercise parental authority, allowing them to make important decisions related to their child’s upbringing, education, and general welfare.

This includes decisions about their home, education, and personal links with both parents.

In addition to these rights, parents also have significant responsibilities, such as providing financial support for their child and maintaining an ongoing relationship with them.

The court plays a critical role in ensuring that the child’s rights are protected, particularly in matters of custody arrangements, visitation rights, and child support payments.

It is crucial for parents to familiarize themselves with Romanian family law and gain a comprehensive understanding of their rights and responsibilities as outlined by the legal system.

By doing so, parents can ensure the best possible outcomes for their child and create a supportive and nurturing environment that promotes their overall well-being and development.

Child custody and support in Romania

Child Custody and Support in Romanian Divorces: What You Need to Know

This guide covers the key things you need to know about child custody and child support when getting divorced in Romania.

If you’re getting divorced in Romania, it’s important to understand how child-related matters are handled so you can protect your rights and your children’s best interests.

Going through a divorce is difficult enough without having to worry about child custody and support.


Determining Custody in Romanian Divorces

When a couple with children divorces in Romania, custody decisions are made based on the best interests of the child.

Here are some things to keep in mind:

The Court decides custody

The Romanian Court will make the final custody determination for minor children (under age 18) in a divorce. Parents can make custody proposals or agreements, but the court has to approve them.


Joint custody is preferred

Romanian law prefers that both parents retain custody rights after a divorce.

Courts will generally award joint physical custody with the child splitting time between both parents’ homes, unless there are compelling reasons not to.


Factors considered for custody

Courts look at various factors when deciding custody, including:


  • The child’s existing living situation and attachment to each parent
  • Each parent’s ability to care for the child’s needs
  • Any history of domestic violence, abuse or neglect
  • The child’s preferences if they are mature enough to express a reasonable opinion
  • Each parent’s willingness to cooperate and allow access to the child

The court will order an investigation to evaluate these factors.

Custody evaluators will interview parties and make recommendations to the court.


Modifying custody orders

Custody orders can be modified later on if there are substantial changes in circumstances affecting the child’s well-being. A parent has to petition the court and show that alteration of the existing order is in the child’s best interests.


How Child Support Works in Romanian Divorces

Child support ensures that both parents continue meeting the financial needs of children after a divorce.

Here are key things to know about child support in Romania:


  • Both parents share responsibility

Nevertheless, under Romania’s Civil Code, both parents have an obligation to support their children financially, whether married, separated or divorced. The parent who doesn’t have physical custody typically pays child support.


  • Courts determine support amounts

Courts will issue child support orders as part of the divorce judgment.

The amounts are set based on factors like both parents’ incomes, the child’s expenses and needs, and the custody arrangement.


  • Support is owed until adulthood

In Romania, the duty to pay child support continues until the child reaches age 18. If the child continues approved education after 18, support can extend up to age 26.


Romanian Courts can enforce and modify support orders

If a parent fails to pay court-ordered child support, the other parent can petition the court to enforce the order.

Support amounts can also be modified later if financial circumstances change significantly.


Collecting support across borders

If the paying parent moves abroad, Romania’s membership in the EU allows using EU regulations to enforce the support order in other member countries. The Ministry of Justice offers assistance in these cross-border support cases.


Tips for Seeking Fair Custody and Support Terms

Here are some tips to help you negotiate fair custody and support outcomes in your Romanian divorce:


  • Consult a lawyer – Have an experienced Romanian family law attorney review your situation and represent your interests in custody and support matters.


  • Focus on your child’s best interests – Keep your child’s well-being the top priority and be prepared to compromise with your ex.


  • Document your position – Track details like your involvement in child-rearing, your income, and your child’s expenses to support your custody and support proposals.


  • Know your rights and obligations – Learn about Romanian legal standards for custody and support so you can advocate effectively for yourself and your child.


  • Be cooperative – The court will look favorably on parents who work together. Stay calm and reasonable in negotiations.


  • Get help if needed – If domestic violence is involved, contact support services so you can address safety concerns in your divorce.


Going through a divorce with children involved brings many challenges.

Understanding Romania’s custody and support laws allows you to obtain fair terms focused on your child’s best interests.

Remember that every situation is unique, so it’s important to seek legal advice from an experienced Romanian lawyer specializing in divorce law.


divorce Romanian law

Fault in the dissolution of the marriage explained by our Romanian Lawyers


According to article 373 of the Romanian Civil Code, the divorce can take place for several reasons, respectively:

By the agreement of the spouses, at the request of both spouses or of one of the spouses if it is accepted by the other spouse;

When, due to valid reasons, the relationship between the spouses is seriously damaged and the continuation of the marriage is no longer possible.

-At the request of one of the spouses, after a de facto separation lasting at least 2 years.

At the request of one of the spouses whose state of health makes it impossible to continue the marriage;

Divorce for good reasons that make it impossible to continue the marriage.

The reasons are not described by the Civil Code, but most divorce cases are initiated precisely because of such solid grounds.

If the fault belongs to both, that is, you no longer understand each other and the marriage is no longer a peaceful and harmonious one, nor can you fix it, the fault or guilt is shared (i.e, both spouses are to blame for the breakdown of the marriage). It means that you no longer love and want to be together so you are constantly fighting. If the fault belongs only to one spouse, that is, that spouse has a behavior or has done a certain deed that cannot be forgiven, the fault of the marriage is exclusive.


The rule in the Romanian law is that the divorce is pronounced on the joint fault of the spouses, given that (in general) both contribute to the breakdown of the marriage to a greater or lesser extent.

In the conditions where the divorce would be pronounced due to joint fault and there are no children in the relationship or there are no chlidren but you have agreed on parental authority, our team of romanian divorce lawyers advice is to opt for a divorce by agreement.

According to the provisions of art. 933 para. (1) of the Romanian Code of Civil Procedure “The court will pronounce the divorce due to the fault of the defendant spouse when, due to solid reasons attributable to him, the relations between the spouses are seriously damaged and the continuation of the marriage is no longer possible.”

In other words, if only one of the spouses is to blame for the breakup of the marriage, then the court will dissolve the marriage, considering the exclusive fault of this spouse.

The Romanian Law does not limit these cases (nor could it, given the complexity of relationships in a couple) but in practice we have identified the following cases of exclusive fault as usual reasons:

  • the infidelity of one of the spouses;
  • domestic violence of one of the spouses;
  • alcohol, drug or gambling addiction of one of the spouses;
  • bad treatment applied to children by one of the spouses; neglect of the family by one of the spouses;

Reasons why you should seek a dissolution of the marriage due to the sole fault of the defendant:

  • Moral damages – you can get compensation for the damage suffered as a result of the dissolution of the marriage.
  • Compensatory benefit – if the marriage lasted for more than 20 years and the dissolution of the marriage would produce a major imbalance in your life, you can obtain the obligation of the guilty spouse to pay periodic damages called compensatory benefit.
  •  Parental authority – since the grounds for dissolution of marriage partly overlap with those regarding sole parental authority, a valid reason for seeking dissolution of marriage due to the sole fault of the other spouse is to obtain sole parental authority and domicile of the minor.

Sole fault  would actually lead to more legal fight from the other spouse and a longer trial.


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