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Romania Labour Law for Foreigners

Understanding Romania Labour Law for Foreigners: A Guide

Understanding Romania Labour Law for Foreigners: A Guide

Navigating the complexities of Romania labour law as a foreigner can be challenging, but with our comprehensive guide, you will gain a clear understanding of the legal requirements and rights when working in Romania.

At Atrium Romanian Lawyers, we recognize the importance of ensuring that foreign employees are aware of the Romanian work regulations and have the knowledge needed to navigate the legal landscape.

Our guide provides valuable information on Romania’s labour law for foreigners, covering a range of topics including the legal requirements for foreign workers, types of employment agreements, and employee rights in Romania.

When working in Romania, it is essential to understand the legal framework that governs employment for non-Romanian citizens. This includes knowing the minimum age requirement, required documentation, and the process for hiring non-residents.

Our guide also outlines important aspects such as the mandatory medical check, minimum salary requirementvacation days, and probationary periods that foreign employees need to be aware of.

In addition, we provide insights into termination of the employment contract, notice periods, and the employer’s obligations regarding contributions and taxes.

Understanding these aspects is crucial to ensure a smooth working experience in Romania.

Furthermore, the guide touches on working hours, vacation days, and benefits for employees.

We believe that by having a comprehensive understanding of these provisions, foreign workers can maximize their legal rights and protections.

Finally, our guide includes information on entry and stay in Romania, work authorizations, and the documents required for obtaining a work authorization.

This section will provide clarity on the procedures and requirements for obtaining the necessary permits to work in Romania.

For more details and personalized assistance, feel free to contact us at office@theromanianlawyers.com.

We strive to provide the most up-to-date and accurate information to help you navigate Romania’s labour law for foreigners.

Types of Employment Agreements for Foreigners in Romania

Before starting work in Romania, it is vital to understand the various types of employment agreements available to foreign citizens and the implications they carry.

Romania has specific laws and regulations governing employment for non-Romanian citizens, and it is important to comply with these provisions to ensure both the rights of the employees and the obligations of the employers are met.

There are three main types of employment agreements that foreign workers can enter into in Romania: fixed-term contracts, indefinite-term contracts, and temporary assignments.

Each type has its own specific requirements and conditions.

Understanding the differences between these agreements is key to making informed decisions and ensuring compliance with Romanian labor laws.

  • Fixed-term contracts are employment agreements with a predetermined start and end date. They are typically used for projects with a specific duration or when there is a temporary need for additional workforce. Under a fixed-term contract, the employment relationship automatically terminates at the end of the agreed-upon period, without the need for notice.
  • Indefinite-term contracts, on the other hand, have no fixed end date. They continue until either the employee or the employer terminates the agreement. This type of contract provides more stability and security for employees, as it offers long-term employment prospects. However, termination of an indefinite-term contract requires a notice period as per Romanian labor law.
  • Temporary assignments involve the secondment of an employee from their home country to work in Romania for a limited period of time. These assignments are usually arranged between multinational companies or organizations. In such cases, the employee retains their employment relationship with their home country employer but works temporarily in Romania. The duration of the temporary assignment is typically defined in the assignment agreement.

Comparison of Employment Agreements

Type of Agreement Duration Termination Notice
Fixed-term Contract Predefined start and end date Automatic termination at the end of the agreed period
Indefinite-term Contract No fixed end date Notice period required for termination
Temporary Assignment Defined period of secondment Depends on the agreement between home country and Romanian employer

It is important to note that employment agreements in Romania must comply with both local labor laws and any applicable international agreements or conventions.

Employers and foreign workers should seek legal advice and ensure they understand their rights and obligations before entering into any employment agreement in Romania.

Legal Requirements for Hiring Foreign Workers in Romania

Employers in Romania must adhere to specific legal requirements when hiring foreign workers, which are essential to ensuring a smooth and compliant employment process.

To employ non-Romanian citizens, employers are required to obtain work permits for expats in Romania.

These permits are issued by the General Inspectorate for Immigration and are subject to certain conditions and documentation.

Documentation Required Process
Valid employment contract Submit work permit application to the General Inspectorate for Immigration
Proof of education and professional qualifications Provide supporting documents, including diplomas or certificates
Proof of health insurance Submit proof of health insurance coverage for the foreign worker

Additionally, employers must be aware of the foreign worker rights in the Romanian labor market.

Foreign employees are entitled to the same rights and protections as Romanian citizens, including fair wages, safe working conditions, and access to social benefits.

It is important for employers to consult with a Romanian lawyer to ensure compliance with these regulations and to effectively navigate the legal landscape.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • Employers must provide foreign workers with a written employment contract in a language they understand.
  • Employers are responsible for obtaining and renewing work permits as required.
  • Foreign workers must have a valid work authorization and must notify the General Inspectorate for Immigration of any changes to their employment status.
  • Employers must adhere to labor laws regarding working hours, minimum wage requirements, and vacation days.
  • Foreign workers have the right to join trade unions and participate in collective bargaining.

In conclusion, understanding the legal requirements for hiring foreign workers in Romania is crucial for employers.

By following the necessary steps and obtaining the required documentation, employers can ensure a compliant employment process and provide foreign workers with a safe and fair working environment.

Contact office@theromanianlawyers.com

Employment Conditions and Rights for Foreign Workers in Romania

As a foreign worker in Romania, it is crucial to be aware of your employment conditions and rights, including working hours, salary requirements, and holiday entitlements.

Understanding these aspects will help ensure that you are treated fairly and in accordance with Romania’s labor laws.

Working Hours

According to Romanian labor law, the standard working week consists of 40 hours, with a maximum of 8 hours per day.

However, certain industries or job positions may have specific regulations that allow for longer working hours.

In such cases, employers must obtain written consent from employees and ensure that they are compensated for any overtime worked.

Salary Requirements

Romania has a minimum wage requirement that employers must comply with.

The exact amount is determined by the government and is subject to change annually.

As a foreign worker, you are entitled to receive at least the minimum wage set for your respective job position.

Employers are also required to provide written contracts stating the agreed-upon salary, which should be paid in full and on time.

Vacation Days and Benefits

Foreign workers in Romania are entitled to annual leave, also known as vacation days, based on the length of their employment.

The minimum number of vacation days allotted per year is 20, but this can increase with years of service.

In addition to vacation days, employees are also entitled to public holidays and sick leave, with the latter requiring a medical certificate issued by a certified healthcare professional.

Employment Condition Requirement
Working Hours 40 hours per week, with a maximum of 8 hours per day
Salary At least the minimum wage determined by the government
Vacation Days Minimum of 20 days per year, increasing with years of service

Being knowledgeable about your employment conditions and rights as a foreign worker in Romania is essential for a smooth and fair work experience.

If you have any questions or concerns, it is advisable to seek legal advice from Romanian lawyers specializing in Romanian labor law.

For more information or legal assistance regarding employment conditions and rights in Romania, you can contact us.

Termination of Employment for Foreign Workers in Romania

Understanding the termination process for foreign workers in Romania is essential to protect both the employee’s rights and the employer’s legal obligations.

When it comes to the termination of employment contracts, there are certain rules and regulations that must be followed to ensure a fair and lawful process.

One important aspect to consider is the notice period.

In Romania, the notice period for terminating an employment contract is usually determined by the length of service.

According to the Romanian Labour Code, the notice period is a minimum of  20 days for employees . However, it is important to note that these notice periods can be altered by mutual agreement between the employer and the employee.

Additionally, it is crucial for employers to comply with the terms and conditions outlined in the employment contract. The contract should clearly state the conditions under which termination can occur and the procedures that need to be followed. It is advisable to seek legal advice from a Romanian law firm to ensure that the employment contract is in compliance with Romanian labor laws.

In conclusion, understanding the termination process for foreign workers in Romania is vital to ensure compliance with labor laws and protect the rights of both employees and employers.

By following the correct procedures, such as adhering to the notice period and reviewing the employment contract, employers can navigate the termination process smoothly and avoid any potential legal pitfalls.

Employer Obligations: Contributions and Taxes in Romania

Employers have specific obligations related to contributions and taxes when hiring foreign workers in Romania, which must be fulfilled to comply with legal regulations.

These obligations include social security contributions, income tax, and other legal requirements.

When employing foreign workers in Romania, employers are required to make contributions to the country’s social security system. This involves deducting a certain percentage from the employee’s salary and contributing it to the social security fund.

The exact percentage depends on the employee’s salary level and is subject to change according to Romanian labor regulations.

In addition to social security contributions, employers must also ensure that the necessary income tax is deducted from the employee’s salary.

The income tax rate in Romania varies based on the employee’s income level, and employers are responsible for calculating and withholding the correct amount.

It is essential for employers to stay up to date with any changes in income tax rates to avoid legal issues.

Table: Employer Obligations for Contributions and Taxes

Contribution/Tax Description
Social Security Contributions Deducted from the employee’s salary and contributed to the social security fund.
Income Tax Deducted from the employee’s salary based on the applicable income tax rate.
Other Legal Requirements Additional contributions or taxes required by Romanian labor regulations.

Ensuring compliance with all contributions and taxes can be complex, so it is advisable for employers to seek the assistance of a qualified Romanian law firm.

The expertise and guidance provided by legal professionals can help employers navigate the intricacies of employer obligations and avoid potential legal pitfalls.

For more information and expert assistance with employer obligations, please contact our team at office@theromanianlawyers.com.

Entry and Stay in Romania: Work Authorizations for Foreign Workers

To legally work in Romania, foreign workers must go through the process of obtaining work authorizations and ensure compliance with the necessary legal requirements.

Employers hiring non-resident workers must follow specific procedures and provide appropriate documentation to facilitate their entry and stay in the country.

The first step in obtaining a work authorization is for the employer to submit an application to the Romanian Immigration Office.

The employer must provide information about the foreign worker, including their personal details, qualifications, and the nature of the employment.

Along with the application, supporting documents such as a valid passport, employment contract, and proof of accommodation in Romania must be submitted.

Required Documents for Obtaining a Work Authorization

  1. A valid passport with a minimum validity of 6 months from the date of application.
  2. A copy of the employment contract signed by both the employer and the employee.
  3. Proof of accommodation in Romania, such as a rental agreement or a letter of invitation from a Romanian resident.
  4. Evidence of qualifications and professional experience relevant to the job position being offered.
  5. A medical certificate attesting to the candidate’s fitness for employment.
  6. Proof of payment of the necessary administrative fees.

Once the application and supporting documents are submitted, the Romanian Immigration Office will review the application and make a decision.

The processing time may vary, but it is important to allow sufficient time for the application to be processed before the intended employment start date.

Work Authorization Type Duration Renewal Process
Temporary Residence Permit Maximum 1 year Renewable
Long-Term Residence Permit Minimum 1 year up to 10 years Renewable

Once the work authorization is granted, the foreign worker can legally work in Romania for the duration specified in the permit. Employers must ensure that all legal requirements are met and that foreign workers are treated in accordance with Romanian labor laws.

For further assistance and guidance with obtaining work authorizations or understanding labor laws for foreign workers in Romania, contact us at office@theromanianlawyers.com.


In conclusion, navigating Romania’s labour law for foreigners can be challenging, but with the right knowledge and guidance, you can ensure work compliance and protect your rights as an employee in Romania.

Understanding Romania’s labour law for foreigners is essential for both employers and foreign workers alike.

By familiarizing yourself with the legal requirements and regulations, you can avoid potential pitfalls and ensure a smooth employment experience.

At Atrium Romanian Lawyers, we specialize in providing comprehensive legal services to foreign clients in Romania.

Our team of experienced lawyers can guide you through the intricacies of Romanian labour law, ensuring that you have the necessary information and support to comply with regulations and protect your rights as an employee.

For more information or to schedule a consultation, please contact our office at office@theromanianlawyers.com.

We are here to assist you every step of the way in navigating Romania’s labour law for foreigners and ensuring a successful employment experience in Romania.


What is an employment contract?

An employment contract, also known as an individual employment agreement, is a legally binding document that establishes the terms and conditions of the employment relationship between an employer and an employee.

In Romania, this contract is governed by the Romanian Labour Code.

Who is covered by the Romanian Labour Code?

The Romanian Labour Code applies to both Romanian citizens and foreign citizens who are working in Romania, regardless of their position or field of work.

What are the working hours defined by the Romanian Labour Code?

The Romanian Labour Code stipulates that the maximum working hours per week are 48 hours, and the maximum working hours per day are 8 hours. However, there may be exceptions provided by law.

What is the notice period for termination of employment?

The notice period for termination of employment in Romania varies depending on the length of employment. According to the Labour Code, it can range from 20 working days to a maximum of 3 months.

What is an internal regulation?

An internal regulation, also known as internal work rules, is a set of rules and regulations that govern the conduct and behavior of employees within a specific workplace. It is established by the employer and must comply with the provisions of the Romanian Labour Code.

Do foreign citizens need a work permit to work in Romania?

Yes, foreign citizens who wish to work in Romania need to obtain a work permit. The work permit is issued by the Romanian authorities and is required in order to legally work in the country.

What are the provisions regarding working time under the Romanian Labour Code?

The Romanian Labour Code defines the maximum working hours per week as 48 hours. It also ensures that employees are entitled to a minimum rest period of 12 consecutive hours between two working days.

What is a collective labour agreement?

A collective labour agreement is a legally binding agreement between employers or employer organizations and trade unions or workers’ representatives. It establishes the terms and conditions of employment for a specific group of employees or a specific industry.

What are the provisions for temporary employment in Romania?

Temporary employment in Romania is regulated by the Labour Code. It allows employers to hire employees for a fixed-term period, subject to certain conditions and limitations defined by the law.

What is the minimum gross salary in Romania?

The minimum gross salary in Romania is determined annually by the Ministry of Labour. It is the lowest amount that an employer is legally required to pay to an employee for their work.

Romanian Legal System

Romanian Law: An Overview of the Legal System in Romania

Romanian Law: An Overview of the Legal System in Romania

In the Romanian Law, the legal system in Romania is based on the civil law system.

The main sources of law are the Constitution, treaties, and legislation.

The Constitution of Romania is the supreme law of the country and it determines the structure of the government and the rights of the citizens.

The Romanian legal system is divided into four main branches: administrative law, civil law, criminal law, and constitutional law.

Administrative law deals with the relations between the state and the individuals.

Civil law deals with the relations between individuals.

Criminal law deals with crimes and punishment. Constitutional law deals with the interpretation of the Constitution.

The judiciary in Romania is independent of the executive and legislative branches of government.

The highest court in Romania is the Supreme Court, which consists of nine judges appointed by the President for a six-year term.

There are three types of courts in Romania: criminal courts, civil courts, and administrative courts.

Criminal courts deal with crimes punishable by imprisonment for more than one year.

Civil courts deal with disputes between individuals or legal entities.

Administrative courts deal with disputes between individuals and the state.

Constitutional Law in Romania

​If you are thinking about doing business in Romania, it is important to understand the country’s constitutional law.

This area of law governs the relationships between the state and individuals, as well as the rights and duties of Romanian citizens.

The Constitution of Romania is the supreme law of the country and it is the foundation of the legal system.

All other laws must be in line with the Constitution and any law that goes against it is void.

The Constitution guarantees equality before the law for all citizens, regardless of their race, ethnicity, religion, or gender.

It also protects the right to life, liberty, and security of the person.

Everyone has the right to freedom of expression, assembly, and association. Romania is a secular state and everyone is free to practice their religion.

The Constitution provides for a separation of powers between the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.

The Constitution requires that the judiciary be independent from the other branches of government.

Judges are appointed by the President on the proposal of the Superior Council of Magistrates, a body that is itself appointed by Parliament.

Romanian lawyers must have a law degree from a Romanian university and must pass a bar exam in order to be licensed to practice law.

Foreign lawyers may be admitted to practice law in Romania if they have a law degree from a foreign university and pass a Romanian language proficiency exam.

Criminal Law in Romania

The Romanian criminal justice system is based on the continental law system, and its procedures are regulated by the Romanian Code of Criminal Procedure.

The main body of criminal law is codified in the Penal Code.

The Penal Code sets out the general principles of criminal law, as well as the specific offenses that are defined as crimes.

The Code of Criminal Procedure regulates the procedures that are to be followed in a criminal trial.

In Romania, there are two types of courts that hear criminal cases:

  • the Courts of First Instance and
  • the Courts of Appeal.

The Courts of First Instance are competent to hear cases involving less serious offenses, while the Courts of Appeal are competent to hear cases involving more serious offenses.

A criminal case is initiated by the Prosecution Office, which is responsible for investigating crimes and bringing charges against suspected criminals.

The Prosecution Office is headed by the Prosecutor General, who is appointed by the President of Romania.

Once a criminal case has been initiated, the suspected offender is entitled to a fair trial.

This includes the right to a public trial, the right to be represented by a Romanian lawyer, and the right to appeal the decision of the court.

The sentence that is imposed on a convicted offender depends on the severity of the offence. For less serious offences, the offender may be given a suspended sentence or a fine.

For more serious offences, the offender may be given a prison sentence.

In addition to the criminal penalties that can be imposed, offenders may also be required to pay compensation to the victims of their crimes.

This can be ordered by the court as part of the sentence, or it can be agreed to by the parties in a civil settlement.

Compensation may be ordered for physical or psychological injuries that have been suffered by the victim, as well as for financial losses that have been incurred.

In some cases, the court may also order the offender to pay restitution to the victim.

This is an order to return property that has been stolen or damaged as a result of the crime.

Civil Law in Romania

​If you are thinking of expanding your business into Romania, it is important to have a basic understanding of the Romanian civil law system.

This system is based on the German civil law system and shares many similarities with other civil law systems in Europe.

However, there are also some important differences that you should be aware of.

The Romanian civil law system is codified, which means that the majority of laws are written down in a single code.

The code is divided into a number of different sections, each dealing with a different area of law.

The most important section for businesses is the one dealing with contract law.

Overall, the Romanian civil law system is relatively favorable to businesses.

However, there are some important differences that you should be aware of before expanding your business into Romania.

Corporate Law in Romania

​Since Romania joined the European Union in 2007, the corporate law landscape has been rapidly evolving.

The overall regulatory framework is still in the process of being harmonized with EU standards and best practices.

This can be seen as both an opportunity and a challenge for businesses operating in Romania.

One of the key areas of corporate law in Romania is labor law.

The Romanian Labor Code sets forth the rules and regulations governing the employer-employee relationship.

Some of the key areas regulated by the Labor Code include hiring, wages, working hours, and termination of employment.

Another important area of corporate law in Romania is tax law.

Romania has a variety of taxes that businesses must comply with, ranging from income tax to value added tax (VAT). businesses must carefully navigate the Romanian tax system in order to avoid penalties and ensure compliance.

Last but not least, businesses operating in Romania must also comply with EU and Romanian competition law.

This area of law regulates anti-competitive practices such as cartels and monopolies. businesses operating in Romania must be aware of these rules in order to avoid fines and other penalties.

Overall, the corporate law landscape in Romania is still evolving.

However, businesses operating in Romania can take advantage of this by staying up-to-date on the latest legal developments and ensuring compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

Tax Law in Romania

​In Romania, the tax law is complex and ever-changing, which can make it difficult for businesses to comply.

One area that is particularly confusing is the rules around foreign businesses.

If you are a foreign business with employees in Romania, you need to be aware of the various tax and social security obligations that you have.

This includes withholding taxes from your employees’ salaries and paying into the Romanian social security system.

Failure to comply with these obligations can result in heavy fines, so it is important to make sure you are up-to-date with the latest changes.

Keeping track of the constantly changing law can be a challenge, so it is a good idea to hire a specialist tax advisor to help you ensure compliance.

If you are an employee in Romania, you should be aware that your employer is required to withhold taxes from your salary.

These taxes go towards your social security contributions and income tax.

The amount of tax you pay will depend on your salary and where you live in Romania.

In general, the tax rates are lower than in many other countries, which makes Romania an attractive place to work for foreigners.

However, it is important to remember that you are still required to pay taxes on any income you earn in Romania, even if it is from a foreign source.

This includes things like interest from a bank account or dividends from stocks.

If you are self-employed in Romania, you are responsible for paying your own taxes and social security contributions.

The good news is that there are a number of deductions and exemptions that you can claim to reduce your tax liability.

Keeping track of all the different tax rules and regulations can be a challenge, but it is important to make sure you are compliant. Non-compliance can result in heavy fines, so it is always better to be safe than sorry.

If you are thinking of doing business in Romania, or are already doing business in Romania, make sure you are up-to-date with the latest tax law changes.

This way you can avoid any penalties and make sure you are complying with all the relevant rules and regulations.

Labor and Employment Law in Romania

The Romanian labor law system is based on the Constitution of Romania, international labor conventions, and domestic legislation.

The Constitution of Romania provides for the right to work, the right to choose a job, the right to just and favorable working conditions, the right to rest and leisure, and the right to protection against unemployment.

The Labor Code is the main source of Romanian labor law.

The Code regulates the relations between employers and employees, including hiring, wages, working hours, safety and health, and termination of employment.

The Code also establishes the rights and obligations of trade unions and employers’ organizations. Trade unions have the right to negotiate collective agreements with employers and to represent employees in disputes before labor courts.

Employers’ organizations have the right to represent employers in collective bargaining and to provide assistance and advice to employers.

The Ministry of Labor and Social Protection is the government body responsible for labor law enforcement. The Ministry has inspectors who investigate complaints of violations of labor law and can impose penalties on employers who violate the law.

The labor courts are responsible for resolving disputes between employees and employers.

The courts have the power to order employers to pay back wages, reinstate employees who have been wrongfully terminated, and impose other remedies.

Romanian employee may be employed under an individual labor contract or a collective labor contract.

  • Individual labor contracts are between an employer and an individual employee and are the most common type of contract.
  • Collective labor contracts are between an employer and a trade union and cover all employees of a particular company or sector.

Employees have the right to receive a written copy of their labor contract.

The contract must be in the Romanian language and must contain certain information, such as the names of the parties, the duration of the contract, the nature of the work, the place of work, the wage, and the working hours.

Employees can only be required to work overtime if it is provided for in their contract or if they give their consent.

Overtime work must be compensated at a rate of at least 1.5 times the regular wage.

Employees are entitled to paid annual leave of 20 days. Employees who have worked for more than 10 years are entitled to 30 days of annual leave.

Regulatory and Compliance Law in Romania

​Much like in any other country, businesses in Romania must comply with a variety of regulatory and compliance laws.

Depending on the type of business, there may be different laws that apply.

For example, businesses that deal with food must comply with food safety laws, while businesses that manufacture products must comply with product safety laws.

There are also general business laws that all businesses must comply with, such as labor laws, tax laws, and environmental laws.

Failure to comply with any of these laws can result in costly fines or even jail time.

That’s why it’s so important for businesses in Romania to have a strong compliance program in place.

A good compliance program will help ensure that all employees are aware of the laws that apply to the business and the proper procedures for following those laws.